It has recently been known that the Yayoi Period lasted for over 1,000
years from the 10th century BC to 3rd century AD. Many changes occurred
during this period: rice farming in paddy fields became prevalent; people
began to use metalwork; active exchange with the Asian continent started;
and society grew from villages to a State. These changes have led up to
Various topics related to the Yayoi Period will be introduced in an easy-to-understand manner to inspire interest in a wide range of age groups, including children who are learning history.
Awaji Island is on the Japan Heritage list as the first island in Japan’s creation myth. By showcasing the excavated artifacts that have rarely been open to the public so far, the exhibition highlights the rites practiced on the island and the political relationships and exchanges within the island and with the external world.
Shibi and Shachihoko are roof tile ornaments installed at the most prominent
place of a building. Shibi, shaped like a bird’s wing, were primarily installed
on the roofs of ancient temples. Shachihoko, representing a fish with the
face of a dragon, were primarily installed on the roofs of castle keeps.
In addition to making the building look magnificent, they contain people’s
wishes to prevent fire and other disasters.
Visitors will be able to see up close the intricate expressions and elegant decorations on Shibi and Shachihoko, symbols of temples and castles, and learn about their changes throughout history and people’s wishes contained therein.
The results of excavation research conducted by Hyogo Prefecture are presented
in this exhibition.
Selected items from archaeological sites in the FY2020 research report and artifacts that were discovered in past excavation research and designated as cultural properties by the prefecture will be on display.